Most people still tend to say that effective leaders have certain characteristics or very important characteristics, for example, charisma, foresight, persuasive power, and intensity. And indeed, when we think of heroic leaders such as Napoleon, Washington, Lincoln, Churchill, Sukarno, General Sudirman, and so on we must recognize that such traits are attached to them and they use them to achieve the goals they want.
Max Weber, a sociologist, was the first scientist to discuss charismatic leadership. More than a century ago, he defined charisma (which comes from the Greek word meaning "grace") as "a certain trait of a person, which distinguishes them from common people and is usually seen as supernatural abilities or qualities, super powers, or most special. This ability is not owned by ordinary people, but is considered as a power that comes from God, and on this basis a person is then considered a leader.
Leadership is the process by which an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a goal. To be an effective leader, a school principal must be able to influence the entire school community he leads through positive ways to achieve educational goals in school. Transformational leadership input can be defined as a process of changing and changing individuals to want to change and improve themselves, which involves motives and fulfillment and appreciation of subordinates.
Understanding Leadership According to Experts
William G. Scott, Leadership is the process of influencing activities held in a group in its efforts to achieve the stated goals.
F. A. Nigro, The essence of leadership is to influence other activities.
F. I. Munson "The Management of Man", Leadership as the ability or capacity to overcome people so as to achieve maximum results with the smallest possible friction and perhaps the biggest formation of cooperation.
Ordway Tead, Leadership as a merger temperament that makes someone may be able to encourage several other people to complete work.
Hemhill and Coon, Leadership is the attitude of an individual who leads group activities to the goals to be achieved together.
Rauch and Behling, Leadership is the process of influencing organized group activities towards achieving goals.
Kartini Kartono, Leadership is a distinctive, specific character, needed in certain situations. Because groups carry out certain activities and have goals and various special equipment. Group leaders with characteristic features are a function of certain situations.
Tannenbaum, Weschler and Mass. Leadership is an interpersonal influence, carried out in certain situations, and directed through the communication process, to achieve certain goals or more.
P. Pigors, Leadership is the process of encouraging and encouraging through managed interactions of various individual differences, controlling one's strength in pursuing a common goal.
George R. Terry, Leadership is a relationship that exists in a person or leader and other influences to want to work consciously in relation to the task of achieving the desired goal.
Stephen J. Carrol and Henry L. Tosj, Leadership is a process that influences others to do what they want to do.
Theo Haiman and William G. Scott, Leadership is the process of several people being directed, led and influenced in the selection and achievement of goals.
Duben, Leadership is a government activity and decision maker.
Reed, Leadership is a way of influencing a person's behavior to fight can be done following the will of a leader.
G. L. Feman and E. K. Taylor, Leadership is the ability to create group activities to achieve organizational goals with maximum effectiveness and cooperation from each individual.
James M. Black, Leadership is an ability that is able to convince others to work together under his leadership to become an integrated team to achieve a certain goal.
P. Pigors "Ledearship, Leadership is the process of controlling people jostling to pursue common goals, which are managed through the interaction of individual differences.
C. Schenk "Leadership": Infantry Journal, Management leadership is to know people by means of persuasion and inspiration rather than directions through and the like, or even violence, a hidden threat.
H. Kootz & O ’Donnel" Principles of Management ", Leadership is an activity to persuade people to work together towards a common goal.
Domination, Leadership is a process that controls the power to pursue shared goals, through successful interactions of various individuals.Thus the explanation of 20 definitions of leadership according to experts may be useful for all readers of https://www.gurupendidikan.co.id