While understanding the interacting components responsible for the situation is important it is even more important to understand the stakeholders as they are the ones responsible for the interacting components being the way they are. There is a also a video
for this insight which is a component of the Effective Problem Solving Course
If the situation is to be addressed and the desired alternative created then it is the stakeholders that have to develop, own, and implement the transformation.
Passive Stakeholders are affected by the situation though were not responsible for the situation being the way it is. When the strategy is developed these Stakeholders should be involved.
If the network of interactions is to be altered to change the situation then Stakeholders will have to change it and understanding their Mental Models is crucial to working with them.
If the network of interactions is to be altered to change the situation then Stakeholders will have to change it and understanding their Motivation is crucial to working with them.
You may laugh when you look at this picture though it's likely to be a very real depiction of the stakeholders in many situations.
If it isn't already evident you should realize that this may be the most difficult part of the endeavor. Yet, it is essential that the stakeholders develop and own the transformation as they are the ones that have to implement if it is to endure.