The topic I have selected is Culture, and I will be discussing this article:
Facebook behaviors associated with diurnal cortisol in adolescents: Is befriending stressful?
Facebook was opened in 2004, and developed so everyone greater than or equal to "13 years of age", could form an account in 2006. Ever since, Facebook has been growing at alarmingly fast pace. Facebook has been well recognized as one of the most popular social networking sites, along with twitter and instagram.
Facebook Behaviors have been tied to Physchological well being and depression just as the study of (O'Keeffe et at. 2011) suggested "While no published evidence has linked Facebook behaviors and to cortisol levels in either adolescence or adulthood, a growing number of studies have assessed the association between FB behaviors and physchological well-being. The first studies performed in this new era of cyberpsychology suggested that FB use may promote negative psychosocial well-being and lead to depression. " Setting fourth the dangers of using such networking tools, and carefully assessing what you view on Facebook.
Perceived social support is another key topic, as networking sites tend to 'exaggerate' the "social status" and general number of friends one person may have, by making it rather easy for one to"friend" someone, or approach them online, behind a computer screen. Forming this illusion of a more "popular" human, while at the same time pleasing the consumer with this perceived social support (thumbs-ups). This social support can also be strategically crafted, catering towards people who respond to "trendy" or "popular" profiles. This social support can also sometimes be "exchanged" or "traded", to create this inexistent self-efficeny as (Jaeckela et al., 2012) mentions. "As such, this is important FC behavior to take into account given the nuances between received vurses provided social support. For an example, recent results report that women who receive much social support but provide little support to others report lower feelings of self efficiency than women who provide high amounts of social support but who receive low amounts themselves."
Your network size on Facebook, can also play a rather large part in your mental health, leading to perceived social support. Due to your number of friends, not be entirely true. This can also lead to raised production of Diurnal cortisol in adolescents, as the main goal of the Facebook article targeted. This could place a negative effected on the adolescents, who are at the prime, and are imposed with this harsh byproduct. Diurnal cortisol is produced in the pituitary glands to help your body cope with stress. However in this case too much Diurnal cortisol is being produced, otherwise meaning the adolescent was under extreme stress. "Specifically, we expected that after controlling for sex, age, awakening times, perceived stress and perceived social support all known to modulate cortisol concentrations, FB use frequency would be associated with higher cortisol levels in adolescents. By contrast we expected that FB network size, FB self-presentation behaviors, and FB peer interaction behaviors would be associated with lower cortisol levels." (pg,239, j.k. Morin-Major et al.)
Facebook self presentation is another crucial factor while discussing the physiological affects of Facebook on adolescents. The effects that Facebook has upon these children, will be decided by how the adolescents view themselves in the first place. They're presentation determines how much social support they are going receive. Essentially dealing with how many other people appeal to the self-presentation, or people that will find themselves benefitting in some way from this "support", leading one to question their self-esteem as a young adolescent. This is supported by the work of (Kim and Lee, 2011)."Using this measure, they found that FB self-presentation behaviors had a significant effect on subjective well-being through increased perevied social support. Indicating that how one presents oneself on FB modulates their perceived social support" . Facebook Self Presentation then leads to Physchological well-being, as it challenges this outcome of adequate social support, and possibly being an outcast from society. Once again all of these factors combined can lead to serious levels of Diurnal cortisol in adolescents due to stress.
Self esteem is a large issue, particularly targeting millions of adolescents around the world, however over the world of social media, these affects can be exageratteded even further particularly through a popular site, such as Facebook. This is directly connected to how you present yourself on Facebook. If you present yourself in a way that appeals to your social setting, and you receive social support then many tend to feel higher levels of self esteem, and decreased levels of Diurnal cortisol, as there is not as much social "stress". Self esteem was measured through the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Questionnaire by (Rosenberg, 1965) "The self-esteem among adolescents showed good reliability and validity across a large number of different sample groups. Internal consistency for the current sample was high"
Lastly, the frequency that you use Facebook is another essential point, when it comes to evaluating the "intensity" of these affects on your overall health, as it connects to Depression, Perceived stress, as well as Diurnal cortisol levels. This is also important, to make sure that you don't get addicted to Facbook, as many adolescents face this issue, along with being addicted to other social media platforms.
The archetype I noticed within my connection circle, would have to be the Fixes that Backfire because I felt like it really situation where there adolescents were trying to cater to societal standards. However, on the way they are faced with conflicts such as Depression and Stress, as a byproduct of this popularity, in the end only caring about society's views of them, as opposed to focusing on their health, and sharing their happy memories with their family and friends.
A "realistic" "way out" of this, would have to be where social media is put to a stop, as an entire platform. However, there may be other ways that adolescents could be targeted. So as a general "way out", there would have to be a world where humans are independent species, so we would never need to ever associate ourselves with another humans, blocking any sort of stress from befriending.
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- Marie-France Marin, J. (n.d.). Facebook behaviors associated with diurnal cortisol in adolescents: Is befriending stressfu. Retrieved January 20, 2016, from http://www.psyneuen-journal.com/article/S0306-4530(15)00938-5/pdf
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