Macroeconomics Models

These models and simulations have been tagged “Macroeconomics”.

Related tagsEconomicsMMTKeenMitchell

Based on Ch 7.3 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for overview.  IM-165415  Example converted to a continuous time dynamic model using stocks and flows
Based on Ch 7.3 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for overview. IM-165415 Example converted to a continuous time dynamic model using stocks and flows
  This model
shows the basic functioning and dynamics of a 'modern monetary system'.  The non-government
sectors, consisting of the private and foreign sectors initial y starts with
zero currency units. It is important to realize that  after creating a new currency the government
must first spend cu

This model shows the basic functioning and dynamics of a 'modern monetary system'.

The non-government sectors, consisting of the private and foreign sectors initial y starts with zero currency units. It is important to realize that  after creating a new currency the government must first spend currency units into the economy before they can be used: without currency units the private sector could not even pay taxes! A government that has its own freely floating currency can create a much money as it wants. It does not need tax receipts to finance its spending, and any money it spends into the economy above that collected in taxes represents income for the private sector. The model show that the government initially created 9 trillion money units, but spent only six trillion into the economy. The six trillion showed up as a government deficit but as wealth in the non-government sector.

Since the government can create as many money units as it wishes and transfer  them  to the private sector  to ensure an adequate level of demand in the in the economy,  austerity is unnecessary: money is available, though real resource may be scarce. This also shows that the government can contribute actively towards the creation of prosperity. 

Please note that this model was originally created by Gene Bellinger, IM 3206, from which this version was  cloned.


Scratch build of a stock-flow consistent model of a closed economy, based on a current transactions matrix
Scratch build of a stock-flow consistent model of a closed economy, based on a current transactions matrix
Based on Ch 7.3 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for overview. See  IM-165546  for a conversion to a continuous time stock flow version of this simple example
Based on Ch 7.3 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for overview. See IM-165546 for a conversion to a continuous time stock flow version of this simple example
Summary of Ch1 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for overview
Summary of Ch1 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for overview
Scratch build of a stock-flow consistent model of a closed economy, based on a current transactions matrix
Scratch build of a stock-flow consistent model of a closed economy, based on a current transactions matrix
Unfortunately, this model only produces the illusion of functioning, but I did manage to get it to give me the graph. However, because of the use of flows, if you change the time step to and the simulation length to anything other than the same numbers, you'll find the graph showing something that l
Unfortunately, this model only produces the illusion of functioning, but I did manage to get it to give me the graph. However, because of the use of flows, if you change the time step to and the simulation length to anything other than the same numbers, you'll find the graph showing something that looks more exponential. This is due to the function referencing itself in regards to time, so inevitably each time consumption grows it changes the outcome on the other side of the equation. Still, this is a convincing mock up. I added a "45 degree" line so that one could conceivably see (and also change) the difference made by altering the level of autonomous consumption.
  Goodwin Model:   This is a basic version of the Goodwin Model based on Kaoru Yamagushi (2013),  Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics , Chapter 4.5 ( link )     Equilibrium conditions:   Labor Supply  = 100  Devation from the equilibrium conditions generates growth cycles.
Goodwin Model:
This is a basic version of the Goodwin Model based on Kaoru Yamagushi (2013), Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics, Chapter 4.5 (link)

Equilibrium conditions:
  • Labor Supply = 100
Devation from the equilibrium conditions generates growth cycles.
WIP based on Bill mitchell's blogs Sectoral balances are relationships among money flows during an accounting period. Where we perceive accumulations of past imbalances to be accrued is another matter....
WIP based on Bill mitchell's blogs
Sectoral balances are relationships among money flows during an accounting period. Where we perceive accumulations of past imbalances to be accrued is another matter....
Partial exposition of Samuelson's Accelerator Model to conform with the Simple Model 7.3 in the Macroeconomics Book, based on MIT D memo D-1761 by Low and Mass 1973  See also more complete version  IM-177550
Partial exposition of Samuelson's Accelerator Model to conform with the Simple Model 7.3 in the Macroeconomics Book, based on MIT D memo D-1761 by Low and Mass 1973  See also more complete version IM-177550
WIP Based on Steve Keen's Inaugural Kingston Lecture Youtube  video  slides models and data all at his  blog
WIP Based on Steve Keen's Inaugural Kingston Lecture Youtube video slides models and data all at his blog
WIP SD representation of Ch11 of their 2007 Monetary Economics book, as suggested by Adam K. Plan is to do a top down simple money flow SFC mmt model and successively split sectors. See also  essence of MMT IM  and  simpler version Ch3 IM
WIP SD representation of Ch11 of their 2007 Monetary Economics book, as suggested by Adam K. Plan is to do a top down simple money flow SFC mmt model and successively split sectors. See also essence of MMT IM and simpler version Ch3 IM
WIP Overview model structures of Khalid Saeed's 2014  WPI paper  Jay
Forrester’s Disruptive Models of Economic Behavior  See also General SD and Macroeconomics CLDs  IM-168865
WIP Overview model structures of Khalid Saeed's 2014 WPI paper Jay Forrester’s Disruptive Models of Economic Behavior  See also General SD and Macroeconomics CLDs IM-168865
 Goodwin cycle  IM-2010  with debt and taxes added, modified from Steve Keen's illustration of Hyman Minsky's Financial Instability Hypothesis "stability begets instability". This can be extended by adding the Ponzi effect of borrowing for speculative investment.

Goodwin cycle IM-2010 with debt and taxes added, modified from Steve Keen's illustration of Hyman Minsky's Financial Instability Hypothesis "stability begets instability". This can be extended by adding the Ponzi effect of borrowing for speculative investment.

Overview of Part G Ch 27 to 30 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for book overview
Overview of Part G Ch 27 to 30 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for book overview
Map of SD work on Samuelson's 1939 model of the business cycle. See also D-memo D-2311-2 Gilbert Low 1976 and  IM-165713 . An alernative to the Ch 26 Macroeconomics textbook exposition.  From Gil Low's Multiplier Accelerator Model of Business Cycles, Ch 4 of Elements of the System Dynamics Method Bo
Map of SD work on Samuelson's 1939 model of the business cycle. See also D-memo D-2311-2 Gilbert Low 1976 and IM-165713. An alernative to the Ch 26 Macroeconomics textbook exposition.  From Gil Low's Multiplier Accelerator Model of Business Cycles, Ch 4 of Elements of the System Dynamics Method Book edited by Jorgen Randers 1976 (MIT Press) and 1980 (Productivity Press)
Unfortunately, this model only produces the illusion of functioning, but I did manage to get it to give me the graph. However, because of the use of flows, if you change the time step to and the simulation length to anything other than the same numbers, you'll find the graph showing something that l
Unfortunately, this model only produces the illusion of functioning, but I did manage to get it to give me the graph. However, because of the use of flows, if you change the time step to and the simulation length to anything other than the same numbers, you'll find the graph showing something that looks more exponential. This is due to the function referencing itself in regards to time, so inevitably each time consumption grows it changes the outcome on the other side of the equation. Still, this is a convincing mock up. I added a "45 degree" line so that one could conceivably see (and also change) the difference made by altering the level of autonomous consumption.
Summary of Ch 12 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for book overview. Compare with SD CLD  IM-169071
Summary of Ch 12 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for book overview. Compare with SD CLD IM-169071