Macroeconomics Models

These models and simulations have been tagged “Macroeconomics”.

Related tagsEconomicsMMTKeenMitchell

  Goodwin Model:   This is a basic version of the Goodwin Model based on Kaoru Yamagushi (2013),  Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics , Chapter 4.5 ( link )     Equilibrium conditions:   Labor Supply  = 100  Devation from the equilibrium conditions generates growth cycles.
Goodwin Model:
This is a basic version of the Goodwin Model based on Kaoru Yamagushi (2013), Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics, Chapter 4.5 (link)

Equilibrium conditions:
  • Labor Supply = 100
Devation from the equilibrium conditions generates growth cycles.
Unfortunately, this model only produces the illusion of functioning, but I did manage to get it to give me the graph. However, because of the use of flows, if you change the time step to and the simulation length to anything other than the same numbers, you'll find the graph showing something that l
Unfortunately, this model only produces the illusion of functioning, but I did manage to get it to give me the graph. However, because of the use of flows, if you change the time step to and the simulation length to anything other than the same numbers, you'll find the graph showing something that looks more exponential. This is due to the function referencing itself in regards to time, so inevitably each time consumption grows it changes the outcome on the other side of the equation. Still, this is a convincing mock up. I added a "45 degree" line so that one could conceivably see (and also change) the difference made by altering the level of autonomous consumption.
Summary of Ch 12 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for book overview. Compare with SD CLD  IM-169071
Summary of Ch 12 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for book overview. Compare with SD CLD IM-169071
Map of SD work on Samuelson's 1939 model of the business cycle. See also D-memo D-2311-2 Gilbert Low 1976 and  IM-165713 . An alernative to the Ch 26 Macroeconomics textbook exposition.  From Gil Low's Multiplier Accelerator Model of Business Cycles, Ch 4 of Elements of the System Dynamics Method Bo
Map of SD work on Samuelson's 1939 model of the business cycle. See also D-memo D-2311-2 Gilbert Low 1976 and IM-165713. An alernative to the Ch 26 Macroeconomics textbook exposition.  From Gil Low's Multiplier Accelerator Model of Business Cycles, Ch 4 of Elements of the System Dynamics Method Book edited by Jorgen Randers 1976 (MIT Press) and 1980 (Productivity Press)
Summary of Ch2 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for overview
Summary of Ch2 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for overview
Circular equations WIP for Runy.    Added several versions of the model. Added a flow to make C increase. Added a factor to be able to change the value 0.5. Older version cloned at  IM-46280
Circular equations WIP for Runy.

Added several versions of the model. Added a flow to make C increase. Added a factor to be able to change the value 0.5. Older version cloned at IM-46280
WIP Overview model structures of Khalid Saeed's 2014  WPI paper  Jay
Forrester’s Disruptive Models of Economic Behavior  See also General SD and Macroeconomics CLDs  IM-168865
WIP Overview model structures of Khalid Saeed's 2014 WPI paper Jay Forrester’s Disruptive Models of Economic Behavior  See also General SD and Macroeconomics CLDs IM-168865
Summary of Ch 11 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for book overview
Summary of Ch 11 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for book overview
10 months ago
 Goodwin cycle  IM-2010  with debt and taxes added, modified from Steve Keen's illustration of Hyman Minsky's Financial Instability Hypothesis "stability begets instability". This can be extended by adding the Ponzi effect of borrowing for speculative investment.

Goodwin cycle IM-2010 with debt and taxes added, modified from Steve Keen's illustration of Hyman Minsky's Financial Instability Hypothesis "stability begets instability". This can be extended by adding the Ponzi effect of borrowing for speculative investment.

Based on Ch 7.3 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for overview.  IM-165415  Example converted to a continuous time dynamic model using stocks and flows
Based on Ch 7.3 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for overview. IM-165415 Example converted to a continuous time dynamic model using stocks and flows
From  billy blog  Japan entries  and Ch2 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for book overview
From  billy blog Japan entries and Ch2 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for book overview
Summary of Ch 13 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for book overview
Summary of Ch 13 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for book overview
WIP from Ch 8.6 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for overview
WIP from Ch 8.6 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for overview
Summary of Ch 16 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see  IM-164967  for book overview
Summary of Ch 16 of Mitchell Wray and Watts Textbook see IM-164967 for book overview
 Goodwin cycle  IM-2010  with debt and taxes added, modified from Steve Keen's illustration of Hyman Minsky's Financial Instability Hypothesis "stability begets instability". This can be extended by adding the Ponzi effect of borrowing for speculative investment.

Goodwin cycle IM-2010 with debt and taxes added, modified from Steve Keen's illustration of Hyman Minsky's Financial Instability Hypothesis "stability begets instability". This can be extended by adding the Ponzi effect of borrowing for speculative investment.

  This model
shows the basic functioning and dynamics of a 'modern monetary system'.  The non-government
sectors, consisting of the private and foreign sectors initial y starts with
zero currency units. It is important to realize that  after creating a new currency the government
must first spend cu

This model shows the basic functioning and dynamics of a 'modern monetary system'.

The non-government sectors, consisting of the private and foreign sectors initial y starts with zero currency units. It is important to realize that  after creating a new currency the government must first spend currency units into the economy before they can be used: without currency units the private sector could not even pay taxes! A government that has its own freely floating currency can create a much money as it wants. It does not need tax receipts to finance its spending, and any money it spends into the economy above that collected in taxes represents income for the private sector. The model show that the government initially created 9 trillion money units, but spent only six trillion into the economy. The six trillion showed up as a government deficit but as wealth in the non-government sector.

Since the government can create as many money units as it wishes and transfer  them  to the private sector  to ensure an adequate level of demand in the in the economy,  austerity is unnecessary: money is available, though real resource may be scarce. This also shows that the government can contribute actively towards the creation of prosperity. 

Please note that this model was originally created by Gene Bellinger, IM 3206, from which this version was  cloned.


Unfortunately, this model only produces the illusion of functioning, but I did manage to get it to give me the graph. However, because of the use of flows, if you change the time step to and the simulation length to anything other than the same numbers, you'll find the graph showing something that l
Unfortunately, this model only produces the illusion of functioning, but I did manage to get it to give me the graph. However, because of the use of flows, if you change the time step to and the simulation length to anything other than the same numbers, you'll find the graph showing something that looks more exponential. This is due to the function referencing itself in regards to time, so inevitably each time consumption grows it changes the outcome on the other side of the equation. Still, this is a convincing mock up. I added a "45 degree" line so that one could conceivably see (and also change) the difference made by altering the level of autonomous consumption.
Scratch build of a stock-flow consistent model of a closed economy, based on a current transactions matrix
Scratch build of a stock-flow consistent model of a closed economy, based on a current transactions matrix
  Goodwin Model:   This is a basic version of the Goodwin Model based on Kaoru Yamagushi (2013),  Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics , Chapter 4.5 ( link )     Equilibrium conditions:   Labor Supply  = 100  Devation from the equilibrium conditions generates growth cycles.
Goodwin Model:
This is a basic version of the Goodwin Model based on Kaoru Yamagushi (2013), Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics, Chapter 4.5 (link)

Equilibrium conditions:
  • Labor Supply = 100
Devation from the equilibrium conditions generates growth cycles.