These models and simulations have been tagged “Mountain biking”.
This model simulates logging and mountain biking competition in Derby, Tasmania. The Simulation is referenced to simulate Derby mountain biking with logging.
The tourism industry is represented on the model's left side, and the logging industry is on the right side. Interactions between these two industries generate tax revenues. Logging and tourism have different growth rates regarding people working/consuming. The initial values of these two industries in the model are not fixed but increase yearly due to inflation or economic growth.
From the perspective of tourism, as the number of tourists keeps growing, the number of people who choose to ride in Derby City also gradually increases. And the people who ride rate the ride. The negative feedback feeds back into the cycling population. Similarly, positive cycling reviews lead to more customer visits. And all the customers will create a revenue through tourism, and a certain proportion of the income will become tourism tax.
From a logging perspective, it is very similar to the tourism industry. As the number of people working in the industry is forecast to increase, the industry's overall size is predicted to grow. And as the industry's size continues to rise, the taxes on the logging industry will also continue to rise. Since logging is an industry, the tax contribution will be more significant than the tourism excise tax.
This model assumption is illustrated below:
1. The amount of tax reflects the level of industrial development.
2. The goal of reducing carbon emissions lets us always pay attention to the environmental damage caused by the logging industry.
3. The government's regulatory goal is to increase overall income while ensuring the environment.
4. Logging will lead to environmental damage, which will decrease the number of tourists.
This model is based on tourism tax revenue versus logging tax revenue. Tourism tax revenue is more incredible than logging tax revenue, indicating a better environment. As a result of government policy, the logging industry will be heavily developed in the short term. Growth in the logging industry will increase by 40%. A growth rate of 0.8 and 0.6 of the original is obtained when logging taxes are 2 and 4 times higher than tourism taxes.
Furthermore, tourism tax and logging tax also act on the positive rate, which is the probability that customers give a positive evaluation. The over-development of the logging industry will lead to the destruction of environmental resources and further affect the tourism industry. The logging tax will also affect the tourism Ride Rate, which is the probability that all tourism customers will choose Derby city.
This model more accurately reflects logging and tourism's natural growth and ties the two industries together environmentally. Two ways of development are evident in the two industries. Compared to tourism, logging shows an upward spiral influenced by government policies. Government attitudes also affect tourism revenue, but more by the logging industry.
This model demonstrates the intertwining relationship
between the economic contribution of industrial logging and that of adventure
tourism (dominated by mountain biking).
In terms of the revenue from industrial logging at Derby, it
is driven by demand of timber and the timber price. However, the forest
resources are limited, which will put constraints on the expansion of industrial
logging due to regrowth rate and existing forestation.
The tourism can bring economic benefits to Derby from hospitality
and selling tickets to local adventure activities. The hospitality income can
be determined by the average length of holidaying at Derby and average local pricing
for accommodation, food and beverages and related essentials. Tickets sales are
largely affected by the similar factors such as average expense per activity
and average number of activities that tourists usually choose. Having explained
the streams of possible income from the tourism, the key driver for tourism
income is the desire or demand to travel. Unlikely logging, tourism is
renewable and perpetual. However, logging can be conceived as a major
constraint on attracting as many tourists as the economy so desires.
This is because deforestation caused by logging will
diminish the natural scenery at Derby and in turn, the tourist operations and
attractions based upon natural scenery. Loss of forest resources is likely to
make Derby less attractive to visitors.
In short, the tourism and logging both provides economic benefits
to Derby but in a competing relationship. However, the sustainability possessed by tourism cannot be rivaled by industrial logging in long term. Logging revenue reveals its advantage at inception of observed time period. Such advantage wears out over the time due to reduction in resources and sluggish regrowth. Eventually. the tourism income turns into the major player. To understand how they co-exist,
please simulate the model.
A model which simulates the competition between logging versus adventure
tourism (mountain bike ridding) in Derby Tasmania.
How the model works:
Trees grow, and we cut them down because of the demand for Timber and
sell the logs. Mountain bikers and holiday visitors will come to the park and
this depends on experience and recommendations. Past experience and
recommendations depend on the Scenery, number of trees compared to the visitor
and Adventure number of trees and users. Park capacity limits the number
of users. To utilize highest park capacity, they need to promote to
the holiday visitor segment as well. Again, the visit depends on the scenery.
So, both mountain biking and forestry (logging) businesses need to contribute a
significant amount of revenue to CSR for faster regrowth of trees.
It looks like a lot of logging doesn't stop people from mountain biking.
Faster replantation of the tree will balance out the impact created by
logging which will give the visitor a positive experience
and the number of visitors is both improved.
To keep the park's popularity in check, the price of wood needs to be high.
Also, it looks like mountain biking only needs a narrow path.CSR contribution to nature can be a crucial factor.