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Key for Lab SIR 2 -- Coronavirus: A Simple SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) Model for Coronavirus

Andrew E Long
Spring, 2020:

With the onset of the Covid-19 coronavirus crisis, we focus on SIRD models, which might realistically model the course of the disease.
We start with an SIR model, such as that featured in the MAA model featured inhttps://www.maa.org/press/periodicals/loci/joma/the-sir-model-for-spread-of-disease-the-differential-equation-model
Without mortality, with time measured in days, with infection rate 1/2, recovery rate 1/3, and initial infectious population I_0=1.27x10-6, we recover their figure
With a death rate of .005 (one two-hundredth of the infected per day), an infectivity rate of 0.5, and a recovery rate of .145 or so (takes about a week to recover), we get some pretty significant losses -- about 3.2% of the total population.
Resources:
  * http://www.nku.edu/~longa/classes/2020spring/mat375/mathematica/SIRModel-MAA.nb
  * http://www.nku.edu/~longa/classes/2020spring/mat375/mathematica/SIRModel-MAA-with-Flattening.nb

SIR Math Modeling Mat375 COVID-19 Coronavirus SIRD

  • 2 weeks 5 days ago

Integral of a function

Andrew E Long

This insight implements integration as an InsightMaker model.

It is important to use Euler's method, with Simulation Length equal to n, in Seconds.

Fun to try a couple of different cases, so I have built four choices into this example. You can choose the function ("Function Choice" of 0, 1, 2, or 3) using the slider.

Andy LongSpring, 2020



Mat375 Mathematics Numerical Analysis Integral Calculus

  • 1 month 1 week ago

Clone of Cannibalistic and Chaotic Flour Beetles

Clay Frink
This is an example from Cushing's book An Introduction to Structured Population Dynamics. ​

The parameters initially included reproduce the bifurcation results on p. 39 of Cushing's manuscript.
The tuning parameter is b, the birthrate.

p. 37: The LPA flour beetle model.

The bifurcation diagram for parameter b is on page 39;
The bifurcation diagram for mu adult is on p. 59;
The bifurcation diagram for C pa is on p. 60.

Andy Long

Leslie Matrices Mat375 Cushing

  • 2 years 1 month ago

Clone of A Simple Infection-only SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) Example

Christopher Milesky
This is a simple example of (part of a) simple SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model, suggested by De Vries, et al. in A Course in Mathematical Biology.

They wanted to illustrate the comparative behavior of differential equations and discrete difference equations. We know that differential equations are generally solved numerically by discretizing them, so that the comparison is a little bit rigged....

A comparable model in Mathematica is available at
http://www.nku.edu/~longa/classes/2018spring/mat375/mathematica/SIRModel-w-discrete-version.nb

SIR Math Modeling Mat375

  • 2 years 3 months ago

Clone of A Simple Infection-only SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) Example

Rachel Driehaus
This is a simple example of (part of a) simple SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model, suggested by De Vries, et al. in A Course in Mathematical Biology.

They wanted to illustrate the comparative behavior of differential equations and discrete difference equations. We know that differential equations are generally solved numerically by discretizing them, so that the comparison is a little bit rigged....

A comparable model in Mathematica is available at
http://www.nku.edu/~longa/classes/2018spring/mat375/mathematica/SIRModel-w-discrete-version.nb

SIR Math Modeling Mat375

  • 2 years 3 months ago

Clone of English Mother/Daughter Birth Weights

Lizzy Compton
This is an introductory example from Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

"A recent study focused on the relationship between the birth weights of English women and the birth weights of their daughters. The weights were split into three categories: low (below 6 pounds), average (between 6 and 8 pounds), and high (above 8 pounds). Among women whose own birth weights were low, 50 percent of the daughters had low birth weights, 45 percent had average weights, and 5 percent had high weights. Women with average birth weights had daughters with average weights half of the time, while the half was split evenly between low and high categories. Women with high birth weights had female babies with high weights 40 percent of the time, with low and average weights each occuring 30 percent of the time." p. 274-275.

For the Markov chain, you should make sure that you're taking time steps of length 1 in the settings, and Euler. RK-4 effectively looks beyond a single previous step, so it has a sort of memory!

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Next up: an SIR.

Markov Chain Mat375 Olinick

  • 2 years 2 months ago

Clone of English Mother/Daughter Birth Weights

Clay Frink
This is an introductory example from Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

"A recent study focused on the relationship between the birth weights of English women and the birth weights of their daughters. The weights were split into three categories: low (below 6 pounds), average (between 6 and 8 pounds), and high (above 8 pounds). Among women whose own birth weights were low, 50 percent of the daughters had low birth weights, 45 percent had average weights, and 5 percent had high weights. Women with average birth weights had daughters with average weights half of the time, while the half was split evenly between low and high categories. Women with high birth weights had female babies with high weights 40 percent of the time, with low and average weights each occuring 30 percent of the time." p. 274-275.

For the Markov chain, you should make sure that you're taking time steps of length 1 in the settings, and Euler. RK-4 effectively looks beyond a single previous step, so it has a sort of memory!

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Next up: an SIR.

Markov Chain Mat375 Olinick

  • 2 years 2 months ago

Clone of English Mother/Daughter Birth Weights

Matthew Gall
This is an introductory example from Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

"A recent study focused on the relationship between the birth weights of English women and the birth weights of their daughters. The weights were split into three categories: low (below 6 pounds), average (between 6 and 8 pounds), and high (above 8 pounds). Among women whose own birth weights were low, 50 percent of the daughters had low birth weights, 45 percent had average weights, and 5 percent had high weights. Women with average birth weights had daughters with average weights half of the time, while the half was split evenly between low and high categories. Women with high birth weights had female babies with high weights 40 percent of the time, with low and average weights each occuring 30 percent of the time." p. 274-275.

For the Markov chain, you should make sure that you're taking time steps of length 1 in the settings, and Euler. RK-4 effectively looks beyond a single previous step, so it has a sort of memory!

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Next up: an SIR.

Markov Chain Mat375 Olinick

  • 2 years 2 months ago

Clone of English Mother/Daughter Birth Weights

Maria E Ruwe
This is an introductory example from Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

"A recent study focused on the relationship between the birth weights of English women and the birth weights of their daughters. The weights were split into three categories: low (below 6 pounds), average (between 6 and 8 pounds), and high (above 8 pounds). Among women whose own birth weights were low, 50 percent of the daughters had low birth weights, 45 percent had average weights, and 5 percent had high weights. Women with average birth weights had daughters with average weights half of the time, while the half was split evenly between low and high categories. Women with high birth weights had female babies with high weights 40 percent of the time, with low and average weights each occuring 30 percent of the time." p. 274-275.

For the Markov chain, you should make sure that you're taking time steps of length 1 in the settings, and Euler. RK-4 effectively looks beyond a single previous step, so it has a sort of memory!

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Next up: an SIR.

Markov Chain Mat375 Olinick

  • 2 years 2 months ago

Clone of A Sleek, non-dimensionalized SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model

Sally Dufek
This is an example of an SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model that has been re-parameterized down to the bare minimum, to illustrated the dynamics possible with the fewest number of parameters.

We're rescaled this SIR model, so that time is given in infection rate-appropriate time units, "rates" are now ratios of rates (with infectivity rate in the denominator), and populations are considered proportions (unfortunately InsightMaker doesn't function properly if I give them all values from 0 to 1, which sum to 1 -- so, at the moment, I give them values that sum to 100, and consider the results percentages).

The new display includes the asymptotics: the three sub-populations will tend to fixed values as time goes to infinity; the infected population goes to zero if the recovery rate is greater than the infectivity rate -- i.e., the disease dies out.

Note the use of a "ghost" stock (for Total Population), which I think is a pretty cool idea. It cuts down on the number of arcs in the model graph.

A comparable model in Mathematica is available at
http://www.nku.edu/~longa/classes/2018spring/mat375/mathematica/SIRModel-rescaled.nb

SIR Math Modeling Mat375 Non-dimensionalize

  • 2 years 3 months ago

Clone of Cannibalistic and Chaotic Flour Beetles

Maria E Ruwe
This is an example from Cushing's book An Introduction to Structured Population Dynamics. ​

The parameters initially included reproduce the bifurcation results on p. 39 of Cushing's manuscript.
The tuning parameter is b, the birthrate.

p. 37: The LPA flour beetle model.

The bifurcation diagram for parameter b is on page 39;
The bifurcation diagram for mu adult is on p. 59;
The bifurcation diagram for C pa is on p. 60.

Andy Long

Leslie Matrices Mat375 Cushing

  • 2 years 1 month ago

Clone of English Mother/Daughter Birth Weights

Clay Frink
This is an introductory example from Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

"A recent study focused on the relationship between the birth weights of English women and the birth weights of their daughters. The weights were split into three categories: low (below 6 pounds), average (between 6 and 8 pounds), and high (above 8 pounds). Among women whose own birth weights were low, 50 percent of the daughters had low birth weights, 45 percent had average weights, and 5 percent had high weights. Women with average birth weights had daughters with average weights half of the time, while the half was split evenly between low and high categories. Women with high birth weights had female babies with high weights 40 percent of the time, with low and average weights each occuring 30 percent of the time." p. 274-275.

For the Markov chain, you should make sure that you're taking time steps of length 1 in the settings, and Euler. RK-4 effectively looks beyond a single previous step, so it has a sort of memory!

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Next up: an SIR.

Markov Chain Mat375 Olinick

  • 2 years 2 months ago

Clone of Cannibalistic and Chaotic Flour Beetles

Donna Odhiambo
This is an example from Cushing's book An Introduction to Structured Population Dynamics. ​

The parameters initially included reproduce the bifurcation results on p. 39 of Cushing's manuscript.
The tuning parameter is b, the birthrate.

p. 37: The LPA flour beetle model.

The bifurcation diagram for parameter b is on page 39;
The bifurcation diagram for mu adult is on p. 59;
The bifurcation diagram for C pa is on p. 60.

Andy Long

Leslie Matrices Mat375 Cushing

  • 2 years 1 month ago

Clone of A Simple SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) without infection

Adam May
This is a simple example of (part of a) simple SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model, suggested by De Vries, et al. in A Course in Mathematical Biology.

They wanted to illustrate the comparative behavior of differential equations and discrete difference equations. We know that differential equations are generally solved numerically by discretizing them, so that the comparison is a little bit rigged....

A comparable model in Mathematica is available at
http://www.nku.edu/~longa/classes/2018spring/mat375/mathematica/SIRModel-w-discrete-version.nb

SIR Math Modeling Mat375

  • 2 years 3 months ago

Clone of SIR (poisoning would be better) Markov Model

Christopher Milesky
This is an example I thought of after reading Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

It's an SIR-type model, but one where the equilibrium (ws,wi,wr) is always the same, even as the weights in the transition matrix change.

Actually it might be better to think of this as a poisoning model: the rate of infection is constant, and independent of the existence of an infected population. That's more like disease due to an environmental effect (e.g. lead-poisoning from smelters, or mercury poisoning from the burning of coal). So infected would mean "effected", and "recovered" might be "treated" -- and ultimately released, to be exposed again.

This shows that the equilibrium does not determine the transition probabilities: two different transition matrices can have the same ultimate equilibrium.

There is a constraint on the infection rate that I haven't figured out how to build in:

InfectionRate < Min[1,wi/ws, wr/ws]

I can allow InfectionRate to vary up to 1 if I take
ws < wi
and
ws < wr
However if you violate that, you'll get interesting solutions with negative values of populations. The dynamics are pretty interesting in that case, however! If you want to see them, you'll have to remove the constraints that I put on the parameters in the Recover and LossOfImmunity parameters.

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Markov Chain Mat375

  • 2 years 1 month ago

Clone of SIR (poisoning would be better) Markov Model

Alyssa Farmer
This is an example I thought of after reading Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

It's an SIR-type model, but one where the equilibrium (ws,wi,wr) is always the same, even as the weights in the transition matrix change.

Actually it might be better to think of this as a poisoning model: the rate of infection is constant, and independent of the existence of an infected population. That's more like disease due to an environmental effect (e.g. lead-poisoning from smelters, or mercury poisoning from the burning of coal). So infected would mean "effected", and "recovered" might be "treated" -- and ultimately released, to be exposed again.

This shows that the equilibrium does not determine the transition probabilities: two different transition matrices can have the same ultimate equilibrium.

There is a constraint on the infection rate that I haven't figured out how to build in:

InfectionRate < Min[1,wi/ws, wr/ws]

I can allow InfectionRate to vary up to 1 if I take
ws < wi
and
ws < wr
However if you violate that, you'll get interesting solutions with negative values of populations. The dynamics are pretty interesting in that case, however! If you want to see them, you'll have to remove the constraints that I put on the parameters in the Recover and LossOfImmunity parameters.

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Markov Chain Mat375

  • 2 years 1 month ago

Clone of English Mother/Daughter Birth Weights

Maria E Ruwe
This is an introductory example from Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

"A recent study focused on the relationship between the birth weights of English women and the birth weights of their daughters. The weights were split into three categories: low (below 6 pounds), average (between 6 and 8 pounds), and high (above 8 pounds). Among women whose own birth weights were low, 50 percent of the daughters had low birth weights, 45 percent had average weights, and 5 percent had high weights. Women with average birth weights had daughters with average weights half of the time, while the half was split evenly between low and high categories. Women with high birth weights had female babies with high weights 40 percent of the time, with low and average weights each occuring 30 percent of the time." p. 274-275.

For the Markov chain, you should make sure that you're taking time steps of length 1 in the settings, and Euler. RK-4 effectively looks beyond a single previous step, so it has a sort of memory!

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Next up: an SIR.

Markov Chain Mat375 Olinick

  • 2 years 1 month ago

Clone of A Simple Infection-only SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) Example

Lizzy Compton
This is a simple example of (part of a) simple SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model, suggested by De Vries, et al. in A Course in Mathematical Biology.

They wanted to illustrate the comparative behavior of differential equations and discrete difference equations. We know that differential equations are generally solved numerically by discretizing them, so that the comparison is a little bit rigged....

A comparable model in Mathematica is available at
http://www.nku.edu/~longa/classes/2018spring/mat375/mathematica/SIRModel-w-discrete-version.nb

SIR Math Modeling Mat375

  • 2 years 3 months ago

Clone of A Simple Infection-only SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) Example

Donna Odhiambo
This is a simple example of (part of a) simple SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model, suggested by De Vries, et al. in A Course in Mathematical Biology.

They wanted to illustrate the comparative behavior of differential equations and discrete difference equations. We know that differential equations are generally solved numerically by discretizing them, so that the comparison is a little bit rigged....

A comparable model in Mathematica is available at
http://www.nku.edu/~longa/classes/2018spring/mat375/mathematica/SIRModel-w-discrete-version.nb

SIR Math Modeling Mat375

  • 2 years 3 months ago

Clone of Cannibalistic and Chaotic Flour Beetles

Joey Stevens
This is an example from Cushing's book An Introduction to Structured Population Dynamics. ​

The parameters initially included reproduce the bifurcation results on p. 39 of Cushing's manuscript.
The tuning parameter is b, the birthrate.

p. 37: The LPA flour beetle model.

The bifurcation diagram for parameter b is on page 39;
The bifurcation diagram for mu adult is on p. 59;
The bifurcation diagram for C pa is on p. 60.

Andy Long

Leslie Matrices Mat375 Cushing

  • 2 years 1 month ago

Clone of English Mother/Daughter Birth Weights

Alyssa Farmer
This is an introductory example from Olinick's book An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. ​

"A recent study focused on the relationship between the birth weights of English women and the birth weights of their daughters. The weights were split into three categories: low (below 6 pounds), average (between 6 and 8 pounds), and high (above 8 pounds). Among women whose own birth weights were low, 50 percent of the daughters had low birth weights, 45 percent had average weights, and 5 percent had high weights. Women with average birth weights had daughters with average weights half of the time, while the half was split evenly between low and high categories. Women with high birth weights had female babies with high weights 40 percent of the time, with low and average weights each occuring 30 percent of the time." p. 274-275.

For the Markov chain, you should make sure that you're taking time steps of length 1 in the settings, and Euler. RK-4 effectively looks beyond a single previous step, so it has a sort of memory!

Thanks Mike! Interesting examples, as always....
Andy Long

Next up: an SIR.

Markov Chain Mat375 Olinick

  • 2 years 1 month ago

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