These models and simulations have been tagged “Safety”.
Addition of Incident Reporting and Prevention Interventions to a simple error chain of medication errors for patients in hospital IM-10113
From Margaret Stringfellow's PhD thesis from Nancy Leveson's Engineering a Safer World
A simple error chain of medication errors for patients in hospital. Serious medication errors in inpatients with drug orders sometimes result in Adverse Drug Events (ADE) and Deaths. See next IM-646
WHO FBE WIP Hospitals Safe from Disasters
Columbia loss dynamics from FIg 13.1 Nancy Leveson's Engineering a Safer World Book
Potential Diagnostic Error flows based on Schiff's Diagnostic Error Categories
Rich picture version of causal loop diagram for medication errors, showing the importance of reporting, analyzing and fixing knowledge and process errors. Medication errors will tend to grow due to the use of more medications in more complex patients. This is exacerbated by the loss of staff knowledge by turnover and goal erosion in places with harmful errors.