​The probability density function (PDF) of the normal distribution or Bell Curve of Normal or Gaussian Distribution is the mean or expectation of the distribution (and also its median and mode).        The parameter is its standard deviation with its variance then, A random variable with a Gaussi
​The probability density function (PDF) of the normal distribution or Bell Curve of Normal or Gaussian Distribution is the mean or expectation of the distribution (and also its median and mode). 

The parameter is its standard deviation with its variance then, A random variable with a Gaussian distribution is said to be normally distributed and is called a normal deviate.
However, those who enjoy upskirts are called deviants and have a variable distribution :) 

A random variable with a Gaussian distribution is said to be normally distributed and is called a normal deviate.

If mu = 0 and sigma = 1

If the Higher Education Numbers Are Increased then the group decision making ability of society would be raised above that of a middle teenager as it is now
BUT 
Governments can control children by using bad parenting techniques, pandering to the pleasure principle, so they will make higher education more and more difficult as they are doing


85% of the population has a qualification level equal or below a 12th grader, 17 year old ... the chance of finding someone with any sense is low (~1 in 6) and the outcome of them being chosen by those who are uneducated in the policies they are to decide is even more rare !!!

Experience means little if you don't have enough brain to analyse it

Democracy is only as good as the ability of the voters to FULLY understand the implications of the policies on which they vote., both context and the various perspectives.   National voting of unqualified voters on specific policy issues is the sign of corrupt manipulation.

Democracy:  Where a group allows the decision ability of a teenager to decide on a choice of mis-representatives who are unqualified to make judgement on social policies that affect the lives of millions.
The kind of children who would vote for King Kong who can hold a girl in one hand and swat fighter jets out of teh sky off the tallest building, doesn't have a brain cell or thought to call his own but has a nice smile and offers little girls sweets.


updated 16/3/2020 from 4 years 3 months ago
THE BROKEN LINK BETWEEN SUPPLY AND DEMAND CREATES TURBULENT CHAOTIC DESTRUCTION  The existing global capitalistic growth paradigm is totally flawed  Growth in supply and productivity is a summation of variables as is demand ... when the link between them is broken by catastrophic failure in a compon
THE BROKEN LINK BETWEEN SUPPLY AND DEMAND CREATES TURBULENT CHAOTIC DESTRUCTION

The existing global capitalistic growth paradigm is totally flawed

Growth in supply and productivity is a summation of variables as is demand ... when the link between them is broken by catastrophic failure in a component the creation of unpredictable chaotic turbulence puts the controls ito a situation that will never return the system to its initial conditions as it is STIC system (Lorenz)

The chaotic turbulence is the result of the concept of infinite bigness this has been the destructive influence on all empires and now shown up by Feigenbaum numbers and Dunbar numbers for neural netwoirks

See Guy Lakeman Bubble Theory for more details on keeping systems within finite working containers (villages communities)

 Z206 from Hartmut Bossel System Zoo 1 p99-102 See also a beautiful Youtube 3D  Video Simulation

Z206 from Hartmut Bossel System Zoo 1 p99-102 See also a beautiful Youtube 3D Video Simulation

 
  Uma roda-gigante
de raio 14 m gira em torno de um eixo horizontal. Um passageiro sentado em uma
cadeira, move-se com velocidade linear v=7 m/s. Determine:   a) a velocidade angular do
movimento.  b) gráfico XY do movimento da cadeira.  c) em quanto tempo o
passageiro executa uma volta completa.

Uma roda-gigante de raio 14 m gira em torno de um eixo horizontal. Um passageiro sentado em uma cadeira, move-se com velocidade linear v=7 m/s. Determine:

a) a velocidade angular do movimento.

b) gráfico XY do movimento da cadeira.

c) em quanto tempo o passageiro executa uma volta completa.

Clique aqui para ver uma descrição do que é Movimento Circular.

Simulation of MTBF with controls   F(t) = 1 - e ^ -λt   Where    • F(t) is the probability of failure    • λ is the failure rate in 1/time unit (1/h, for example)   • t is the observed service life (h, for example)  The inverse curve is the trust time On the right the increase in failures brings its
Simulation of MTBF with controls

F(t) = 1 - e ^ -λt 
Where  
• F(t) is the probability of failure  
• λ is the failure rate in 1/time unit (1/h, for example) 
• t is the observed service life (h, for example)

The inverse curve is the trust time
On the right the increase in failures brings its inverse which is loss of trust and move into suspicion and lack of confidence.
This can be seen in strategic social applications with those who put economy before providing the priorities of the basic living infrastructures for all.

This applies to policies and strategic decisions as well as physical equipment.
A) Equipment wears out through friction and preventive maintenance can increase the useful lifetime, 
B) Policies/working practices/guidelines have to be updated to reflect changes in the external environment and eventually be replaced when for instance a population rises too large (constitutional changes are required to keep pace with evolution, e.g. the concepts of the ancient Greeks, 3000 years ago, who based their thoughts on a small population cannot be applied in 2013 except where populations can be contained into productive working communities with balanced profit and loss centers to ensure sustainability)

Early Life
If we follow the slope from the leftmost start to where it begins to flatten out this can be considered the first period. The first period is characterized by a decreasing failure rate. It is what occurs during the “early life” of a population of units. The weaker units fail leaving a population that is more rigorous.

Useful Life
The next period is the flat bottom portion of the graph. It is called the “useful life” period. Failures occur more in a random sequence during this time. It is difficult to predict which failure mode will occur, but the rate of failures is predictable. Notice the constant slope.  

Wearout
The third period begins at the point where the slope begins to increase and extends to the rightmost end of the graph. This is what happens when units become old and begin to fail at an increasing rate. It is called the “wearout” period. 
 
  Um ponto
material percorre uma trajetória circular de raio R = 20m com movimento uniformemente variado e
aceleração escalar a = 5m/s². Sabendo-se que no instante
t = 0 sua velocidade escalar é nula, determine no instante t = 2s os módulos da:   a) Velocidade vetorial;  b) Aceleração tangencial;

Um ponto material percorre uma trajetória circular de raio R = 20m com movimento uniformemente variado e aceleração escalar a = 5m/s². Sabendo-se que no instante t = 0 sua velocidade escalar é nula, determine no instante t = 2s os módulos da:

a) Velocidade vetorial;

b) Aceleração tangencial;

c) Aceleração centrípeta;

d) Aceleração vetorial.

Fonte: (RAMALHO,NICOLAU E TOLEDO; Fundamentos da Física, Volume 1, 8ª edição, pp. 12 – 169, 2003).

Clique aqui para ver uma descrição do que é Movimento Vertical no Vácuo.

 Perceptual Control Theory Model of Balancing an Inverted Pendulum. See  Kennaway's slides  on Robotics. as well as PCT example WIP notes. Compare with  IM-1831  from Z209 from Hartmut Bossel's System Zoo 1 p112-118

Perceptual Control Theory Model of Balancing an Inverted Pendulum. See Kennaway's slides on Robotics. as well as PCT example WIP notes. Compare with IM-1831 from Z209 from Hartmut Bossel's System Zoo 1 p112-118

A Fourier series is a way to expand a periodic function in terms of sines and cosines. The Fourier series is named after Joseph Fourier, who introduced the series as he solved for a mathematical way to describe how heat transfers in a metal plate.  The GIFs above show the 8-term Fourier series appro
A Fourier series is a way to expand a periodic function in terms of sines and cosines. The Fourier series is named after Joseph Fourier, who introduced the series as he solved for a mathematical way to describe how heat transfers in a metal plate.

The GIFs above show the 8-term Fourier series approximations of the square wave and the sawtooth wave.

Simulation der Umlaufbahn der Erde um die Sonne
Simulation der Umlaufbahn der Erde um die Sonne
 
  Um corpo é
lançado obliquamente no vácuo com velocidade inicial de 100 m/s, numa direção que forma com
a horizontal um ângulo x, tal que sen(x) = 0,8 e cos(x) = 0,6. Adotando g = 10m/s², determine:   a) Os módulos das componentes horizontal e vertical da
velocidade no instante de lançamento;  b)

Um corpo é lançado obliquamente no vácuo com velocidade inicial de 100 m/s, numa direção que forma com a horizontal um ângulo x, tal que sen(x) = 0,8 e cos(x) = 0,6. Adotando g = 10m/s², determine:

a) Os módulos das componentes horizontal e vertical da velocidade no instante de lançamento;

b) O instante em que o corpo atinge o ponto mais alto da trajetória;

c) A altura máxima atingida pelo corpo;

d) O alcance do lançamento.

Fonte: (RAMALHO, NICOLAU E TOLEDO;Fundamentos da Física, Volume 1, 8ª edição, pp. 12 – 169, 2003).

Clique aqui para ver uma descrição do que é Lançamento Oblíquo no vácuo.

 Basic model of Newton's mechanics applied to fall with air friction (e.g. an air balloon)    Ff prop v*v
Basic model of Newton's mechanics applied to fall with air friction (e.g. an air balloon)
Ff prop v*v
  object is projected with an initial velocity u at an angle to the horizontal direction.  We assume that there is no air resistance .Also since the body first goes up and then comes down after reaching the highest point , we will use the Cartesian convention for signs of different physical quantiti

object is projected with an initial velocity u at an angle to the horizontal direction.

We assume that there is no air resistance .Also since the body first goes up and then comes down after reaching the highest point , we will use the Cartesian convention for signs of different physical quantities. The acceleration due to gravity 'g' will be negative as it acts downwards.

h=v_ox*t-g*t^2/2

l=v_oy*t
 FORCED GROWTH GROWTH GOES INTO TURBULENT CHAOTIC DESTRUCTION     BEWARE pushing increased growth blows the system!    (governments are trying to push growth on already unstable systems !)  The existing global capitalistic growth paradigm is totally flawed  The chaotic turbulence is the result of th
FORCED GROWTH GROWTH GOES INTO TURBULENT CHAOTIC DESTRUCTION 
 BEWARE pushing increased growth blows the system!
(governments are trying to push growth on already unstable systems !)

The existing global capitalistic growth paradigm is totally flawed

The chaotic turbulence is the result of the concept and flawed strategy of infinite bigness this has been the destructive influence on all empires and now shown up by Feigenbaum numbers and Dunbar numbers for neural netwoirks

See Guy Lakeman Bubble Theory for more details on keeping systems within finite limited size working capacity containers (villages communities)

Flugbahn eines Federballs - Simulation und Messung (Tracker Video Analysis and Modeling Tool)
Flugbahn eines Federballs - Simulation und Messung (Tracker Video Analysis and Modeling Tool)
 Z209 from Hartmut Bossel's System Zoo 1 p112-118. Compare with PCT Example  IM-9010

Z209 from Hartmut Bossel's System Zoo 1 p112-118. Compare with PCT Example IM-9010

OVERSHOOT GROWTH GOES INTO TURBULENT CHAOTIC DESTRUCTION  The existing global capitalistic growth paradigm is totally flawed  The chaotic turbulence is the result of the concept of infinite bigness this has been the destructive influence on all empires and now shown up by Feigenbaum numbers and Dunb
OVERSHOOT GROWTH GOES INTO TURBULENT CHAOTIC DESTRUCTION

The existing global capitalistic growth paradigm is totally flawed

The chaotic turbulence is the result of the concept of infinite bigness this has been the destructive influence on all empires and now shown up by Feigenbaum numbers and Dunbar numbers for neural netwoirks

See Guy Lakeman Bubble Theory for more details on keeping systems within finite limited size working capacity containers (villages communities)

 ​Força de arrasto linear referências:      CREF - Velocidade das gotas de chuva. 27 de abril, 2020. É verdade que as gotas de chuva sempre caem com a mesma velocidade devido a gravidade?  Respondido por: Prof. Fernando Lang da Silveira - www.if.ufrgs.br/~lang/   https://www.if.ufrgs.br/novocref/?co
​Força de arrasto linear referências:

CREF - Velocidade das gotas de chuva. 27 de abril, 2020. É verdade que as gotas de chuva sempre caem com a mesma velocidade devido a gravidade? Respondido por: Prof. Fernando Lang da Silveira - www.if.ufrgs.br/~lang/

CREF - Velocidade de pedras de granizo no solo. 22 de outubro, 2015. Respondido por: Prof. Fernando Lang da Silveira - www.if.ufrgs.br/~lang/

 Silveira, F. (2015). Velocidade das pedras de granizo Hailstone speed. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.33619.94245

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339536656_Velocidade_das_pedras_de_granizo_Hailstone_speed


Aula 10 - Velocidade Terminal 

Aerodinâmica da Bola de Futebol: da Copa de 70 à Jabulani Carlos Eduardo Aguiar Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ensino de Física Instituto de Física - UFRJ

Número de Reynolds


Aula 5.2 - Origem física do arrasto linear e quadrático: o número de Reynolds. Mecânica Clássica UFF Prof. Jorge de Sá Martins 

Viscosidade, turbulência e tensão superficial - IF UFRJ
 
Sugestões de Modelagem (Leonardo):

Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física, vol. 41, nº 3 (2019) É seguro atirar para cima? Uma analise da letalidade de projéteis subsônicos. Saulo Luis Lima da Silva, Herman Fialho Fumiã.

FRENAGEM DE UM PROJÉTIL EM UM MEIO FLUIDO: “QUAL SERIA A DISTÂNCIA, DENTRO DA ÁGUA, PERCORRIDA POR UM PROJÉTIL CALIBRE .50 COM MASSA DE 50 G E VELOCIDADE DE 850 M/S?”  Fernando Lang da Silveira Instituto de Física – UFRGS